King Edward III was the King of England from 1327 to 1377. He was the son of King Edward II and Isabella of France. Edward III was born on November 13, 1312, at Windsor Castle. He was crowned king at Westminster Abbey on February 1, 1327.
Edward III‘s reign was marked by the Hundred Years’ War with France. The war began in 1337 when Edward III claimed the French throne. The war lasted for over 100 years and ended with the Treaty of Troyes in 1420. The treaty gave England control of most of France.
Edward III was also responsible for the Black Death, which killed an estimated 75-200 million people in Europe between 1347 and 1351. The plague had a devastating impact on England, and it took many years for the country to recover.
Despite the challenges of the Hundred Years’ War and the Black Death, Edward III‘s reign was a time of great prosperity for England. He encouraged trade and commerce, and he founded the Order of the Garter, which is the oldest and most prestigious order of chivalry in England.
Edward III died on June 21, 1377, at Shene Palace. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. He was succeeded by his grandson, Richard II.
Here are some of the key events of Edward III’s reign:
- 1327: Edward III is crowned king at Westminster Abbey.
- 1337: The Hundred Years’ War begins.
- 1346: Edward III wins the Battle of Crécy.
- 1347: The Black Death arrives in England.
- 1356: Edward III wins the Battle of Poitiers.
- 1360: The Treaty of Brétigny ends the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War.
- 1369: Edward III founds the Order of the Garter.
- 1377: Edward III dies at Shene Palace.
Edward III was a complex and contradictory figure. He was a great warrior and a successful king, but he was also ruthless and ambitious. His reign was a time of great change and upheaval, but it also laid the foundation for England‘s future greatness.