King Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was King of England from 1216 until his death in 1272. He was the eldest son of King John and Isabella of Angoulême.
Henry was born at Winchester Castle on 1 October 1207. He was crowned at Gloucester Cathedral on 28 October 1216, at the age of nine, following the death of his father. His reign was marked by political instability and conflict, including the Second Barons’ War (1264–1267) and the First Welsh War (1241–1242).
Henry was a pious and devout king, and he was a generous patron of the arts and architecture. He was also a weak and indecisive ruler, and he was often manipulated by his powerful barons.
Henry died at Westminster Palace on 16 November 1272, at the age of 65. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son, Edward I, succeeded him to the throne.
Henry was born at Winchester Castle on 1 October 1207. He was the eldest son of King John and Isabella of Angoulême. His father was a ruthless and unpopular king, and his reign was marked by conflict with the barons and the French.
Henry‘s mother, Isabella, was a beautiful and ambitious woman. She was the daughter of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angoulême, and Alice of Courtenay. Isabella had been married to King John in 1200, and she had given birth to Henry seven years later.
Henry‘s childhood was overshadowed by the conflict between his father and the barons. In 1215, the barons rebelled against King John and forced him to sign the Magna Carta. The Magna Carta was a charter of rights that limited the power of the king and protected the rights of the barons.
King John died in 1216, and Henry succeeded him to the throne at the age of nine. Henry was crowned at Gloucester Cathedral on 28 October 1216.
Henry‘s reign was marked by political instability and conflict. The barons were still angry about the Magna Carta, and they were determined to limit the power of the king. Henry was a weak and indecisive ruler, and he was often manipulated by his powerful barons.
In 1217, the barons rebelled against Henry and forced him to sign the Treaty of Lambeth. The Treaty of Lambeth gave the barons more power and limited the power of the king.
In 1227, Henry married Eleanor of Provence. Eleanor was a beautiful and intelligent woman, and she quickly became one of the most powerful women in England. Eleanor helped Henry to rule the kingdom.