Antonio Galves, also known as Jefferson Antonio Galves, was a renowned Brazilian mathematician whose work left an indelible mark on the field of statistics and mathematical modeling. Born on 18 June 1947, in Brazil, he dedicated his life to unraveling the complexities of mathematical models with a particular focus on those involving stochasticity and variable memory. Sadly, Antonio Galves passed away on 5 September 2023, leaving behind a legacy that continues to inspire mathematicians and scientists worldwide.

Academic Achievements

Antonio Galves was not just a mathematician; he was a professor of the Institute of Mathematics and Statistics at the prestigious University of São Paulo. His academic contributions were so significant that he became a member of the esteemed Brazilian Academy of Sciences. In 2007, his outstanding work earned him the National Order of Scientific Merit, a recognition of his exceptional contributions to the field of mathematics and statistics.

The NeuroMat Initiative

One of Antonio Galves’ most notable roles was as the leader of NeuroMat, a cutting-edge research center established in 2013 at the University of São Paulo. NeuroMat had a singular mission: to bridge the gap between mathematical modeling and theoretical neuroscience. Under Galves’ guidance, this center became a hub for interdisciplinary research, where mathematicians and neuroscientists joined forces to better understand the intricacies of the brain.

The Galves–Löcherbach Model

One of Antonio Galves’ groundbreaking achievements was the development of the Galves–Löcherbach model, a mathematical model with intrinsic stochasticity designed to describe biological neural networks. This model revolutionized the way researchers understood the behavior of spiking neurons.

In collaboration with mathematician Eva Löcherbach, the Galves–Löcherbach model was introduced to the world in 2013. Initially, they described it as a “system with interacting stochastic chains with memory of variable length.” This innovative model allowed scientists to explore neural activity by considering the evolution of the complete system since the last spike. It provided valuable insights into the complex dynamics of neural networks and was instrumental in advancing the field of neuroscience.

Antonio Galves’ contributions to the world of mathematics and neuroscience were nothing short of remarkable. His work continues to inspire and shape the research conducted by future generations of mathematicians and neuroscientists. Although he may no longer be with us, his legacy lives on through the countless discoveries and advancements made possible by his pioneering spirit and dedication to the world of science. Antonio Galves will forever be remembered as a brilliant mind who helped unlock the mysteries of the human brain.


  1. “Antonio Galves.” Wikipedia. Link (Retrieved on 5 September 2023). 2 3
  2. “National Order of Scientific Merit.” Wikipedia. Link (Retrieved on 5 September 2023).