The Republic of Ireland, or simply Ireland, is a country located on the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Northern Ireland to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Irish Sea to the east, and the Celtic Sea to the south. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, and the third-largest island in Europe. The capital and largest city is Dublin.
Ireland has a long and rich history, dating back to the Stone Age. The first inhabitants of Ireland were the Celts, who arrived around 3000 BC. The Celts established a culture that was based on farming and herding. They also developed a rich mythology and art tradition.
In the 5th century AD, Ireland was invaded by the Romans. The Romans ruled Ireland for over 400 years, and they introduced Christianity to the island. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Ireland was divided into a number of small kingdoms. These kingdoms were often at war with each other, and they were also raided by Vikings and Normans.
In the 12th century, Ireland was invaded by the Normans. The Normans established a feudal system in Ireland, and they also introduced the English language to the island. In the 16th century, Ireland was conquered by the English. The English ruled Ireland for over 400 years, and they imposed their culture and language on the Irish people.
In the 19th century, Ireland experienced a period of famine. The Great Famine of 1845-1852 caused the deaths of over one million people, and it also led to the emigration of over two million people. The Great Famine had a devastating impact on Ireland, and it is still remembered as one of the darkest periods in Irish history.
In the 20th century, Ireland gained its independence from the United Kingdom. The Irish Free State was established in 1922, and it became a republic in 1949. Ireland has been a member of the European Union since 1973.
Ireland is a beautiful country with a rich history and culture. The Irish people are known for their warmth and hospitality, and they are always eager to welcome visitors to their country.
Here are some additional facts about Ireland:
- Capital: Dublin
- Population: 4.7 million (2020)
- Area: 70,273 km2 (27,133 sq mi)
- Currency: Euro (€)
- Official languages: Irish and English
- Government: Parliamentary republic
- President: Michael D. Higgins
- Taoiseach: Micheál Martin
Ireland is a fascinating country with a lot to offer visitors. Whether you are interested in history, culture, or natural beauty, you are sure to find something to enjoy in Ireland.