Jean Bergougnoux (15 October 1939 – 3 September 2023) was a prominent French businessman known for his contributions to the energy and transport sectors in France and beyond.

Early Life and Education

Born on 15 October 1939, Bergougnoux was trained as a polytechnician and engineer at ENSAE Paris. He began his professional journey with the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE).

Career in Energy Sector

At the young age of 24, Bergougnoux joined Électricité de France (EDF), France’s primary electricity company. Climbing through the ranks, he eventually served as the Director-General from 1987 to 1994. During his time at EDF, he became the first president of Eurelectric, an association that unites electricians across Europe. Additionally, Bergougnoux chaired the Studies Committee of the World Energy Council.

Leadership at SNCF

On 2 May 1994, Bergougnoux was appointed as the President of SNCF, France’s national railway company. He remained in this position until 21 December 1995. His resignation was prompted by strikes against the Juppé plan, a controversial reform package. However, in 2016, he was honored with the title of honorary president of the SNCF.

Later Career and Contributions

After his service in the public sector, Bergougnoux transitioned to a role as an international consultant, specializing in transport and energy. He facilitated various working groups, including those for the Commissariat général à l’investissement and the Commissariat général à la stratégie et à la prospective. In 2011, he founded the think tank Équilibre des énergies, serving as its president until 2014, after which he became its honorary president.


Jean Bergougnoux passed away in Chambray-lès-Tours on 3 September 2023, at the age of 83.


Bergougnoux leaves behind a legacy of significant contributions to France’s energy and transport sectors. His leadership roles in EDF and SNCF, as well as his work in various think tanks and commissions, have had a lasting impact on the industries he served.